Azure、GCP、AWS 云服务三巨头新用户优惠对比

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Azure、GCP、AWS 云服务新用户优惠对比

海外几大云计算巨头为争夺用户,各自都推出有不同程度的新用户优惠活动。如果你正找寻合适的海外 VPS,不妨看看这些。基本可以用低廉价格用上至少一年的服务,大厂产品质量也有保障(相对而言)。

本文只对比介绍 Azure、GCP、AWS 的新用户优惠,那些注册即可用的永久免费项目就不做介绍了。里面没有普通用户需要的 VPS,而是专业人士才有机会运用的应用构建平台和一些认知 / 机器学习 API。使用也需留意有无依赖关联其它收费项目,不然很容易被扣费。实在没必要去折腾这些,免费才是最贵的。

Microsoft Azure

注册要求

普通用户注册需绑定信用卡和手机号(注册入口)。如果没信用卡,可求助于万能的 TB。

学生用户可用 edu 邮箱注册而无需信用卡(注册入口),并可获得 $100 消费额度。

免费 12 个月试用服务

注册账号即可开通使用,适合日常低频使用(可同时开一个虚拟机,需注意流量消耗)。

  • 每月 750 小时 B1S 型号虚拟机(Windows / Linux 系统可选,1 个动态公共 IP 地址)
  • 两块 64GB 磁盘存储和 1GB 快照存储,可挂载到虚拟机使用
  • 每月 15GB 传出流量限制(超过会直接扣费),传入流量无限制

完整试用项目可查看此列表清单

特点和坑处提示

有香港节点,线路直连内地,网络延迟低速度快。三巨头中被撸的最少(主要是算上学生优惠 $100 额度,流量也比不上其它家),适合建站和个人低频使用。

免费 B1S 虚拟机用过一个月后需升级至即用即付账户,12 个月内还是有每月 15GB 流量,超出后会直接扣费(亚洲方向流量 10TB 内价格 $0.138/GB)。

如果 12 个月后想要继续使用,最便宜的虚拟机套餐是 $13.39 / 月,着实不算便宜。同样体验有其它更好的选择,比如阿里云轻量香港。

Google Cloud Platform

注册要求

没有区分学生账号,注册需验证信用卡和手机号(注册入口)。

注册即送 $300 免费额度(有效期一年),可消费全部产品。

免费 12 个月试用服务

最低虚拟机套餐 $5 /月,提供 1GB 传出流量(不包括大洋洲和中国用户)。实际上需要为流量单独计费(传入流量免费),大陆方向流量价格 $0.23 至 $0.20 / GB(用量阶梯计价),其它地区 $0.12 至 $0.08 / GB。

$300 除去一年的低配虚拟机费用,剩下金额大概可以用 1TB 流量(总共流量,不是每月哦)。

与 Azure 强制升级结算账户不同,GCP $300 用完后如果没升级账号,不会直接扣费而是自动停机,这点比较厚道。

完整试用项目可查看此列表清单

特点和坑处提示

有台湾节点,电信 / 联通直连,移动绕美。大部分时间速度还是不错的。缺点是被很多“机场”使用,敏感时段稳定性会受到影响。

另外由于被撸的太多,现在不少国内双币卡已经通过不了。可以到 TB 上找解决办法,上面也很多现成号卖。

Amazon Web Services

注册要求

普通账号注册需绑定信用卡和手机(注册入口,有些虚拟信用卡现在仍然可用,但有翻车风险)。

学生优惠需 edu 邮箱加人工审核(注册入口),验证成功后可获得 $150 代金券(有效期一年,以兑换码形式发放。可绑定至其它账号使用,同一账号最多可绑两张代金券。由于黄牛批量注册的太多,现在容易获得的 edu 邮箱基本很难申请成功)。

免费 12 个月试用服务

注册账号即可使用,试用产品配置和 Azure 的差不多。

  • 每月 750 小时 EC2 虚拟机(Linux / Windows 可选,1 个动态 IP,可绑定静态 IP。如果虚拟机不用了,记得删除静态 IP)
  • 5GB S3 对象储存库,可以用来做文件外链
  • 750 小时 $3.5 Lightsail 试用(注意这个只能试用一个月,也是虚拟机产品)
  • 每月 15GB 传出数据流量(全部服务共享,传入流量不限)

完整试用项目可查看此此列表清单

特点和坑处提示

AWS 速度相对一般,高峰时段网络容易炸,比较好的是日本、新加波、韩国节点。超过服务配额会直接扣费。

AWS 学生代金券网上很多卖,可以用来买 Lightsail,这个流量多不用担心超流量,性能和 EC2 相约。

以最低 $3.5 Lightsail 套餐算(含 1TB 流量,超过后 $0.14 /GB,不同节点计价有差异),$150 至少可开 3 台低配虚拟机用一年。

对比总结

AWS 和 Azure 的免费 12 月试用服务,除了低频偶尔使用,一般不建议使用。限制的地方多,容易被扣费。如果真要用,除了留意流量额度,硬盘 I/O、IP 这些资源配额也要注意。

代金券优惠活动里,AWS 和 GCP 被撸的最多。流量充裕坑没那么多,只要消费额度不超就不会扣费,代金券也容易买到,市价低于等额 RMB,算起来每月费用很便宜(从黄牛买的代金券有翻车风险,虽然可能性不大,但还是要注意数据备份)。

  • 按速度优先选择次序:Azure -> GCP -> AWS
  • 按免费试用流量额度:GCP -> Azure + AWS
  • 按代金券耐用度:AWS -> GCP -> Azure

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