Debian standard system utilities 所包含的软件列表

Kevin 杂记 1,336 次浏览 1条评论

在 Debian 安装过程有个软件扩展选项,用空格键选择或取消,如下图。其中头两项 Debian desktop environment 与 … Xfce 是桌面相关软件包,最后 standard system utilities 是常用软件集。有些人可能会纠结是否应该安装,下面列出其具体安装软件清单,看完后你就有自己答案了。

Debian standard system utilities

下面软件包列表使用tasksel --task-packages standard命令获取,注意需要在没有安装的系统上才能查询。下面分别列出在 Debian 8 和 Debian 9 上的查询结果。

如果是服务器使用,需要注意 SSH 默认没有开启,需要手动安装openssh-server软件包并修改配置文件允许密码登录

Debian 9

系统环境信息:

Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch)
Kernel          : Linux 4.9.0-9-amd64
Architecture    : x86-64

standard system utilities 软件包安装列表:

软件包名 简短描述
apt-listchanges package change history notification tool
perl Larry Wall’s Practical Extraction and Report Language
bind9-host Version of ‘host’ bundled with BIND 9.X
libswitch-perl switch statement for Perl
exim4-daemon-light lightweight Exim MTA (v4) daemon
doc-debian Debian Project documentation and other documents
man-db on-line manual pager
netcat-traditional TCP/IP swiss army knife
reportbug reports bugs in the Debian distribution
exim4-config configuration for the Exim MTA (v4)
mime-support MIME files ‘mime.types’ & ‘mailcap’, and support programs
python interactive high-level object-oriented language (default version)
gpgv1 GNU privacy guard – signature verification tool (deprecated “classic” version)
dnsutils Clients provided with BIND
bzip2 high-quality block-sorting file compressor – utilities
python3-reportbug Python modules for interacting with bug tracking systems
less pager program similar to more
gnupg1 GNU privacy guard – a PGP implementation (deprecated “classic” version)
exim4 metapackage to ease Exim MTA (v4) installation
xz-utils XZ-format compression utilities
exim4-base support files for all Exim MTA (v4) packages
traceroute Traces the route taken by packets over an IPv4/IPv6 network
python2.7 Interactive high-level object-oriented language (version 2.7)
file Recognize the type of data in a file using “magic” numbers
manpages Manual pages about using a GNU/Linux system
host Transitional package
liblockfile-bin support binaries for and cli utilities based on liblockfile
procmail Versatile e-mail processor
debian-faq Debian Frequently Asked Questions
wamerican American English dictionary words for /usr/share/dict
lsof Utility to list open files
perl-modules-5.24 Core Perl modules
bash-completion programmable completion for the bash shell
hdparm tune hard disk parameters for high performance
groff-base GNU troff text-formatting system (base system components)
python-minimal minimal subset of the Python language (default version)
libclass-isa-perl report the search path for a class’s ISA tree
telnet basic telnet client

Debian 8

系统环境信息:

Operating System: Debian GNU/Linux 8 (jessie)
Kernel          : Linux 3.16.0-6-amd64
Architecture    : x86-64

standard system utilities 软件包安装列表:

软件包名 简短描述
exim4 metapackage to ease Exim MTA (v4) installation
perl Larry Wall’s Practical Extraction and Report Language
bind9-host Version of ‘host’ bundled with BIND 9.X
bzip2 high-quality block-sorting file compressor – utilities
time GNU time program for measuring CPU resource usage
dnsutils  Clients provided with BIND
whois intelligent WHOIS client
bash-completion programmable completion for the bash shell
perl-modules Core Perl modules
exim4-daemon-light lightweight Exim MTA (v4) daemon
python-apt Python interface to libapt-pkg
python2.7 Interactive high-level object-oriented language (version 2.7)
texinfo Documentation system for on-line information and printed output
libswitch-perl switch statement for Perl
python-minimal minimal subset of the Python language (default version)
rpcbind converts RPC program numbers into universal addresses
install-info Manage installed documentation in info format
dc GNU dc arbitrary precision reverse-polish calculator
xz-utils XZ-format compression utilities
aptitude-common architecture independent files for the aptitude package manager
exim4-config configuration for the Exim MTA (v4)
python-support automated rebuilding support for Python modules
info Standalone GNU Info documentation browser
mime-support MIME files ‘mime.types’ & ‘mailcap’, and support programs
apt-listchanges package change history notification tool
doc-debian Debian Project documentation and other documents
aptitude terminal-based package manager
python interactive high-level object-oriented language (default version)
mlocate quickly find files on the filesystem based on their name
python-reportbug Python modules for interacting with bug tracking systems
liblockfile-bin support binaries for and cli utilities based on liblockfile
bsd-mailx simple mail user agent
w3m WWW browsable pager with excellent tables/frames support
m4 macro processing language
debian-faq Debian Frequently Asked Questions
patch Apply a diff file to an original
wamerican American English dictionary words for /usr/share/dict
ftp classical file transfer client
reportbug reports bugs in the Debian distribution
bc GNU bc arbitrary precision calculator language
at Delayed job execution and batch processing
dbus simple interprocess messaging system (daemon and utilities)
mutt text-based mailreader supporting MIME, GPG, PGP and threading
exim4-base support files for all Exim MTA (v4) packages
lsof Utility to list open files
file Determines file type using “magic” numbers
telnet The telnet client
procmail Versatile e-mail processor
libclass-isa-perl report the search path for a class’s ISA tree
nfs-common NFS support files common to client and server
host Transitional package

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