SolusVM 节点服务器硬盘分区设置指南(图文)

Kevin 教程 4,804 次浏览 55条评论

记一下 SolusVM 节点服务器硬盘分区要求及操作步骤。由于 SolusVM 对 CentOS 7 兼容还不完美,存在不能虚拟机限速 / 随宿主机自启等问题,因此目前一般建议服务器安装使用 CentOS 6.X 系统。

全新安装 CentOS

在安装 CentOS 时使用图形化界面硬盘分区,不同于安装后用命令分区,这种方式更友好不易出错。

服务器设置系统安装镜像引导启动,通过主机商提供的 IPMI 或 VNC 控制台完成此操作。

进入 CentOS 安装界面后的几个开头常规选项。

开始安装 CentOS
CentOS 安装
系统语言选择
语言选择
系统键盘选择
键盘选择

这步选择安装到指定储存设备。

Specialized Storage Devices

勾选硬盘设备,一般有两块。点击下一步,确认没有数据要备份后点击“Yes, discard any data”。如果之前硬盘上安装过系统,则有“全新安装”和“升级现有系统”选项,选择前者。

Device Options
选择硬盘设备
Storage Device Warning
数据备份提示

设置主机名、时区(可去掉 System clock uses UTC 勾选)、root 密码。

Hostname
主机名设置
Time Zone
时区设置
Root Password
root 密码设置

选择“Create Custom Layout”手动划分硬盘分区。

Create Custom Layout

SolusVM 硬盘分区

来到 CentOS 分区界面,如果显示已有分区,先删除分区,我们重新设置。

需要创建以下几个分区,剩下部分全部分给LVM物理卷交由 SolusVM 储存虚拟机之用。SolusVM 分区要求见此介绍(不同虚拟化类型要求有不同,本文分区是 KVM VPS 方案)。

  • /boot:储存启动程序文件的分区,大小适合给 500MB 至 1024MB;
  • swap:当内存不够时,数据写到该交换分区上。设置大小可参考 RHEL 建议
  • /:系统根目录分区,包括储存 SolusVM 系统镜像文件,大小至少 80GB 以上;

分区步骤图解如下,分区大小根据自身服务器配置而定。笔者测试服务器的配置为 128GB 内存,两块 1TB 硬盘。其中/boot分区1000MBswap分区 32 GB,/根目录分区 140GB,分的充裕了些。

创建/boot分区
创建/boot分区
创建swap分区
创建swap分区
创建/根目录分区
创建/根目录分区

将剩余空间创建LVM物理卷组。第三步设置LVM卷组名时不要用 KVM 名称(与 SolusVM 有冲突)。

第一块硬盘剩余空间创建LVM物理卷
创建LVM分区 一
第二块空闲硬盘创建LVM物理卷
创建LVM分区 二
创建LVM物理卷组
创建LVM分区组

创建完的分区结构如下图。之后点击下一步格式化分区并开始安装系统。

硬盘分区结构图
分区结构图示
确认分区格式化及数据写入
确认数据写入

确认安装引导,等待系统安装完毕重启即可开始安装部署 SolusVM。

确认安装引导
确认安装引导
系统安装完毕
系统安装完毕

SolusVM 分区视频

上面为方便未有 Linux 分区经验的网友理解,截图备注弄的比较多,补一个操作视频更直观。

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