通过 IPMI 远程为服务器安装操作系统(图文)

Kevin 教程 2,379 次浏览 21条评论

Supermicro IPMI 是不少服务器采用的远程管理工具。通过它可以方便查看服务器配置,在更底层进行操作。例如进入BIOS,设置启动引导等。当你购买的独服产品是这种控制面板,则可以参考本文方法为服务器安装操作系统。有的商家为了提高安全性,可能还需先连接 VPN 加入内网才能访问 IPMI。

连接 IPMI 控制台

首先安装 Java 软件,连接控制台需要用到。安装后用 IE 浏览器登录 IPMI 网址(其它浏览器因多数不支持 Java 插件而用不了),界面如下。

Supermicro IPMI

点击“远程控制”菜单下的“启动控制台”,下载运行弹出的 JNLP 文件。如果连接提示错误,在 Java 软件安全设置里添加“站点例外” ,将 IPMI 网址加进去。若还是不行,可尝试使用 Java 旧版本

启动控制台
启动控制台
运行 JNLP 程序
运行 JNLP 文件

Supermicro IPMI 新版貌似支持连接 HTML5 控制台,在没有 IE 的情况下可以试试这种模式。

装载系统镜像并引导启动

依次点击控制台菜单栏 Virtual Media -> Virtual Storage,按下面图解装载本地系统镜像文件。

虚拟 CD-ROM 驱动器
虚拟 CD-ROM 驱动器
装载系统镜像文件
装载系统镜像文件

之后点击 Macro -> Ctrl+Alt+Del 重启服务器。开机时按 F11 键进入启动选项界面,选择虚拟光驱。

重启服务器
重启服务器
选择启动设备
选择启动设备

随后进入系统安装流程,安装过程由于需本地上传镜像文件,可能反应会比较慢,耐心等待每一步。安装后别忘了取消装载的系统镜像文件,不然重启会循环进入安装。

开始安装系统
开始安装系统
取消装载系统镜像
取消装载系统镜像

关于 CentOS 的安装步骤可参考之前相关文章:CentOS6 安装CentOS7 安装网络配置

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